Guide to Casino Payout Percentages and RTP
Did you know that every casino game has a built-in advantage that favours the house? Although the size of this edge varies depending on what game you play, it allows the casino to stay in business and profit. Be that as it may, casino patrons just like you manage to win all the time. The secret is to choose games that give you the best chance of winning and understand that this house edge is only true over time. Keep reading and you’ll learn everything you need to know about payout percentages, RTP, and the house edge.
How Casino Games Work
When you play games of chance at a casino, the outcome is entirely random. It doesn’t make a difference if your game involves dice, cards, reels, balls, or a wheel, luck is irrelevant. Whether you win or lose comes down to sheer probability. At a live casino, chance is for the most part dependent on the laws of physics. Yet when you play on the internet, the shuffle of the deck, roll of the dice, spin of the roulette wheel, and other similar events are simulated by RNGs or random number generators, which are fancy computer algorithms that ensure you have a fair shot at winning. Interestingly enough, live casinos use RNGs on all their fruit machines, video poker terminals, and electronic games like touchscreen roulette.
No matter where you play, the rules of every casino game are set up to give the house a slight advantage. Take the game of roulette, which most people know how to play. If you place a series of bets on red, which pays even money, you would expect to win roughly half the time. Of course, the roulette wheel features 18 red numbers and 18 black numbers, but also 0 which is green. Even though there is a 48.65% chance that the wheel will land on red, that’s less than 50%. In fact, there is a 2.7% chance that the ball will land on green, which corresponds to the house edge or casino advantage. It’s important to understand that there is nothing unscrupulous about the casino’s statistical upper hand. As you’ll soon see, the beauty of games of chance is that, statistically speaking, anything can happen.
Making Sense of RTP and Payout Percentages
Payout percentages aren’t hard to grasp. They’re simply a measure of how much players can expect to win on average. To put it another way, payout percentages tell you the proportion of money bet by players that the casino will payout in winnings. Payout percentages are often called return to player percentages or RTP %. If a game has a payout percentage or RTP of 97% then the casino will pay out £97 for every £100 wagered on average. Be that as it may, you should not expect the RTP to be indicative of your individual or collective playing sessions. It’s critical that you understand the payout percentage is measured over time and not your time alone. Depending on the title, it could take 10,000 to 10,0000 games and sometimes more for the RTP to be as advertised.
When comparing RTP and payout percentages, the figure can be a little misleading as it doesn’t reflect the frequency of wins. Games like European roulette have the same house edge across each bet, but it’s easier to win even money bets than single number bets, which pay 35 to 1. In the case of slot machines, you’ll find games that yield lots of small wins and other games that offer large jackpots but pay out infrequently, yet they could easily have the same RTP % since it’s merely an average.
You can improve your overall odds by playing games with the highest RTP or payout percentage.
How Will I Know the Payouts Are Fair?
When you choose a casino or gaming establishment that’s licensed by the UK Gambling Commission, you can play with full confidence. Not only are the games, software, and random number generators tested regularly by third party auditors, but the results of these tests are published and available to the public. The United Kingdom Gambling Commission licenses and regulates both offline and online casinos.
Getting to Know Variance
As we mentioned, posted payout percentages are true over the long haul. Yet over the short term there is plenty of variance, which is a term statisticians use to describe how far random outcomes are spread out from the expected average. It’s variance that makes casino games worth playing. Thanks to variance, it’s possible to gamble £1 and win a £100,000 fruit machine jackpot. Yet at the same time, you can throw £20 on black at the roulette table five times in a row and lose every time.
Given variance in every casino game, it’s important to manage your bankroll effectively. Even when you’re betting on seemingly sure things, you can lose. By making bets that are in line with your budget, you can keep playing longer. When you aren’t reduced to sitting on the sidelines, you’ll have more opportunities to bet and potentially hit a jackpot.
Although casinos hold the upper hand, it’s possible to win big thanks to variance.
Maximising Your Returns
If you’re hoping to make the most of every casino visit, you’ll want to pay attention to the RTP. When playing games of chance, choosing the game with the highest RTP or lowest house edge will improve your odds of winning.
Although RTP percentages are independently verified, it is possible to get even more out of your games. When you take advantage of welcome bonuses, free spins, regular promotions, and loyalty programmes, you can improve your overall bottom line.
RTP Laws in the UK
Although some jurisdictions like the American State of Nevada have legally-mandated minimums for RTP percentages, there is no such requirement in the United Kingdom. The UK Gambling Commission does require RTP percentage to be posted. When playing at a live casino, you’ll typically find this information conveniently displayed on the machine.
Online casino players will find the RTP in either the help section or within the game instructions. The best and most transparent internet gambling sites also make a habit of displaying the RTP for every game on offer in a single chart on their website. This is particularly useful for players who want to improve their odds of winning without performing much research or expending any effort.
Although many table games do have standard payout percentages, there may be slight differences due to house rules. In addition, you shouldn’t automatically assume that a particular slot will have the same RTP at every casino. Software developers often let sites adjust the RTP to some degree. It’s always smart to read the fine print before playing.
Common Online Casino Payout Percentages
- Aces and Faces Video Poker 99.26%
- American Roulette 94.74%
- European Roulette 97.30%
- French Roulette 98.65%
- Baccarat 98.99%
- Blackjack 99.54%
- Craps 98.64%
- Game of Thrones Slots 94.86%
- Jacks or Better Video Poker 99.54%/li>
- Jurassic Park Slots 96.67%
- Mega Moolah Slots 88.12%
- Sic Bo 97.22%
- Three Card Poker 98.24%
Frequently Asked Questions about Payout Percentages
How does a slot machine really work?
Although early slot machines relied on a lever to thrust a series of reels into motion, today’s offline and online slots rely on RNGs or random number generators. RNGs are special computer algorithms that ensure that the reels stop in a random position. Just like all casino games, slots have a built-in house edge, which means that over time slots pay out less money than they take in.
How much do slot machines make?
The amount of money that slots make varies widely, but overall they make more money for the casino than other games. You can find slot machines that give the casino a 20% profit margin as well as games that yield the house as little as 2% and occasionally even less. Fortunately for players, this information is publicized, which makes it easy to choose games that give you the best chance of winning. Overall, slots offer worse returns than other casino games, but they require no skill whatsoever to play.
What is the return to player in an online casino?
The return to player or RTP percentage tells you how often players win overall. For example, if a game has a 94% RTP, then the casino will pay out £94 to players for every £100 gambled. Keep in mind that RTP is only true in the long run over periods of weeks, months, and sometimes years. Your short term and long term experience may differ significantly since games of chance are random and subject to variance.
What is a house edge?
The house edge is the advantage that’s built into every casino game. The figure also reveals the average profit for a given game. For example, European roulette has a 2.70% house edge. Over time, the casino can expect to keep £2.70 for every £100 that players wager. Although the house advantage is mathematically true over time, your individual experience will vary in all likelihood.
Similar Topics You'll Like
Top 10 Tips
See our top 10 tips for casino players, from why bankroll management is hugely important, through to why you should play games with high RTPs.
Are you new to online gambling? If so, check out this page, which tells you everything from the top casinos through to the games on offer.